The law faced venomous opposition from the military and the radical left. The Constitution contained articles and covered everything from the structure of the German state Reich and the rights of the German people to religious freedom and how laws should be enacted. As war debts and reparations drained its coffers, the German government was unable to pay its debts. The Weimar government ordered German workers to passively resist the occupation and go on strike, shutting down the coal mines and iron factories. In response, the Weimar government simply printed more money.
The effort backfired, however, and further devalued the German Mark—and inflation increased at an astounding level. The cost of living rose rapidly and many people lost all they had. According to Paper Money, written by George J.
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Germany elected Gustav Stresemann as their new chancellor in He ordered Ruhr workers back to the factories and replaced the Mark with a new currency, the American-backed Retenmark. In late , the League of Nations asked U. Dawes was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. In addition, Germany repaired relations with France and Belgium and was finally allowed into the League of Nations, which opened the door for international trade. In general, life improved in the Weimar Republic. But unbeknownst to Germany, America had positioned itself for an economic disaster of its own as it struggled with increased unemployment, low wages, declining stock values and massive, unliquidated bank loans.
On October 29, , the U. The stock market crash had a global ripple effect.
It was especially devastating for the newly-recovered Weimar Republic. As the flow of American money dried up, Germany could no longer meet their financial responsibilities. Businesses failed, unemployment plummeted again, and Germany faced another devastating economic crisis. During hyperinflation, the German middle class bore the brunt of the economic chaos. When another financial crisis hit, they grew weary and distrustful of their government leaders. Searching for new leadership and fearing a Communist takeover, many people turned to extremist parties such as the Nazi Party led by Adolf Hitler , despite his unpopular and failed attempt to start a national revolution in In , the Nazi Party became the largest political party in Parliament.
After a brief struggle for power, Hitler was named Chancellor in January Within weeks, he invoked Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution to quash many civil rights and suppress members of the Communist party. To make sure the Enabling Act was passed, Hitler forcibly prevented Communist Parliament members from voting.
Once it became law, Hitler was free to legislate as he saw fit and establish his dictatorship without any checks and balances. Facing History and Ourselves. Charles G. Dawes: Biographical.
The Enabling Act. The Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic and the Third Reich. Wesleyan University. Volume 6. German History in Documents and Images. Weimar Republic. New World Encyclopedia. It wasn't until the s that research revealed more insight into the psychology of animals, and zoos began altering their designs. A milestone in zoo design are panorama areas such as the one Carl Hagenbeck built in Hamburg. Rather than being stuck in cages in a systematic way, animals are kept according to "continents. Green zones at the Cologne Zoo pictured ensure that animals are kept similarly to their natural habitat.
Small cages and concrete pens are becoming more and more a thing of the past. Yet how zoos develop in the future depends on smart management. Some zoos, such as in Frankfurt, for instance, have decided to close their elephant houses. As a small zoo in the inner city with just 11 hectares 27 acres , it simply could not provide the animals with enough space.
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Zoos breed species and aim to return them to the wild. They are also involved in environmental conservation and educate visitors about their habitats. But zoo opponents say that to keep certain animals species alive only in zoos is unethical. Instead, focus should be placed on keeping their natural habitats intact. Pictured is a newborn platypus named Mackenzie.
Zoos in Germany get more visitors than sporting events.
Nowadays, they're more like entertainment parks with adventure playgrounds, themed restaurants and merry-go-rounds. A little farm at the Cologne Zoo recently opened, where visitors can pet cows and goats.
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Zoos are now irreplaceable, not only for visitors to reconnect with nature, but also to preserve certain endangered animals. The panda twins born two weeks ago are showing first signs of how they'll look once they mature. Berlin Zoo has played down a newspaper poll suggesting they be named "Hong" and "Kong" in solidarity with protests there.
After several fruitless attempts, Berlin is celebrating its first ever panda birth.
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The mother, Meng Meng, and her two new cubs are doing well, the zoo director has revealed. Meng Meng, a female giant panda, is expecting at least one cub, the Berlin Zoo announced, saying it was "overjoyed" with the news. Meng Meng's cub would be the first baby panda to be born in Germany. A Berlin newspaper polled readers to ask for possible names for the zoo's new panda cubs. The top result? Hong and Kong. Now Germany's most popular tabloid is calling for the cubs' names to send a signal to China.
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