Guide Isaiah 53: Who is the Servant?

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In fact, when Jesus was being betrayed by Judas, all of His disciples even fled and went their own ways rather than stick with their leader. Jesus had a large following initially, but most left Him when hopes of Him being the political Messiah who would rise to power and exalt the nation over Rome and all of the earth were squashed when He refused to declare Himself publicly. At that last Passover Jesus had come into the city being hailed as the king by His Triumphal Entry, but when He did not immediately declare Himself king disillusionment set in.

If Jesus were not the conquering Messiah come to exalt them then the masses would have nothing to do with Him. He is presented by Isaiah as dying and suffering in our place. The first vicarious sacrifice that I believe was carried out was the animals killed by the Lord so that Adam and Eve could be clothed after initially committing their sin in the garden of Eden.

All of the blood sacrifices of the Old Testament were sufferings that were vicarious, the sufferings of an animal in place of the individual. This was in fact what happened to Jesus upon the cross of Calvary.

Isaiah and The Suffering Servant Motif | The Bible Project

The people railed at and derided and mocked Him. The vicarious sacrifice of the Lord for the sins of mankind is finally revealed in full. We know that Jesus was also pierced through with the nails in His hands and the nail in His feet, and also that the Roman soldier pierced His side with the sword after He had expired upon the cross. In Gen. The Lord told Abraham to offer up in sacrifice his only begotten son, the one for whom he had waited and prayed for his entire life, and so he headed up Mt. Moriah to offer up Isaac. In the book of Hebrews, chapter 11, we read that Abraham also believed that God could raise up Isaac from the dead if he were sacrficed.

The King James alone properly renders this verse to indicate that the Abraham told his son that the Lord Himself would become the lamb for the sacrifice.

For His life is removed from the earth. Of himself, or of someone else? In these verses, we see that whereas the lambs of the Old Testament sacrifices were ignorant of their impending slaughter, that Jesus was willingly laying His life down as a sacrifice for our sins. He could have appealed His sentence and rebuffed His accusers, and He could have reviled those reviling Him, yet as we read the gospel accounts of the day of His crucifixion we see that He chose to be silent and to willingly bear up under those sufferings in order that He might fulfill His calling and the scriptures in being the one sacrifice for all time for the sins of mankind.

Jesus was innocent of any wrong. This verse tells us that every blow, every strike of the whip, every hammer hit upon the nail, etc. Those might have come via the vehicle of men, yet it was the Lord who was behind every one of them. The Lord saw the offering up of Jesus as a sacrifice that was pleasing in His sight, but not because He enjoyed in any way seeing His only begotten and much beloved Son suffer, but because his sacrifice was an expression of the greatest love ever known. Jesus in love willingly went to the cross of Calvary so that He put an end to the enmity between God and man, and thus that men and women could come into proper fellowship and relationship with God.

In Phil.

INTRO 1. Israel was told to prepare herself to be wed to her king by purifying herself and to prepare for joyful shouting when Jerusalem was redeemed 1. So there is no deal as far as the messianic reading is concerned. The servant will do that and when he has done it that will be the result. Sure prophecy, sure fulfilment. This can only be speaking of a resurrection.

Scripture not found.

The rabbi says that the servant has to have children. However… yet again rabbi Tovia Singer is not telling the whole story and plays with the mind of his audience. Now what the rabbi failed to tell his audience and conveniently left out is the following. A few chapters after Isaiah 53 we see the word seed used again.

Why does Isaiah then seem to think otherwise? Again, is this just a slip of the tongue or deliberately left out? What does it say?


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But who says that he is implying it here? Nowhere in the text of Isaiah 53 is there ever a promise to the servant that he will have children. Except theological bias, of course. For all we know most of the parents of those being addressed here have been righteous while they wandered off. This clearly refers to the works of their predecessors rather than their origins. So this charge remains without teeth, is made up from thin air and rabbi Singer is caught lying yet again!

Charge 9: Vindication by blood alone? Rabbi Singer claims that Yeshua has only vindicated His followers through His blood.


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The rabbi says that it can't refer to Yeshua because according to the Gospels "christians are healed by the blood of Jesus and not by his knowledge, as is said of this servant" my rendition. This is a totally inaccurate position, because we believe it all goes hand in hand. Yeshua knew he had to give up his life in order for us to be saved.

Who Is the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 53?

It was his knowledge that made him say "Let this cup pass me by Without this knowledge, things would have been very different and either one is completely blind to this fact or just chooses to nitpick in order not to come to this conclusion. We believe that through his life, suffering, death and resurrection all good things have come to mankind. They are all a piece of the big puzzle. So clearly rabbi Singer wants to nitpick and he can go just head. He makes a claim of vindication through knowledge based on one verse and ignores all the other verses that speak of this servants suffering bringing vindication and atonement to the speakers.

This is a point even Rashi makes in his commentary on Isaiah Indeed, he bore our illnesses Heb. The illness that should rightfully have come upon us, he bore. Charge The New Testament slips! Well, once again, the rabbi is right.

The Suffering and Glory of the Servant

There was no teachings that the Messiah, son of David, was to die. This is also something that the New Testament teaches. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.

So Paul makes it emphatically clear that it was not known that the Messiah, son of David, had to die, this was hidden in Scriptures. Of this the New Testament gives us a conclusive answer also.

The Context of Isaiah 53

And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him. He asked of which individual it spoke! It never occurred to the man that it could be speaking about a nation in the singular. But he never thought of that. So, no, this Israel interpretation was not commonly known in those days. Charge Rashi invented Israel interpretation. Now there is something fishy going on here, because those same sources claim that this chapter is about the Messiah as well. Including rabbi Singer, who blatantly lied about there not being one rabbi that said that Isaiah 53 was about Messiah ben David in a debate with Dr Michael L.

It has nothing to do with a particular group of righteous people.

Who is the Servant of the Lord Depicted in Isaiah 53?

Yes, Israel suffers, but so do the Gentiles! What does that tell us? Absolutely nothing! What IS evident is the intercessory role that is allotted solely to the Messiah and absolutely absent in relation to Israel. Instead, just as the servant in Isaiah 53 intercedes for the transgressors, so does the Messiah intercede for his people in the Targum. The intercessory role is ascribed solely and totally to the Messiah and this shows us whom the Targum understands to be the servant. If, according to the Targum, the suffering of the servant was the main theme of the chapter, i. So according to the Targum, the servant, who intercedes for the sins of his people, is the Messiah.

Origen : Now this is the only pre-Rashi source that I have been confronted with in my years of debating anti-missionaries that gives us a literal reading of Israel being the servant in Isaiah And in this way he explained the words, "Thy form shall be of no reputation among men;" and then, "They to whom no message was sent respecting him shall see;" and the expression, "A man under suffering.